Benefit Finding Scale for Children: preliminary findings from a childhood cancer population

  • Phipps S
  • Long A
  • Ogden J
  • 4

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To describe the development of a brief measure of benefit finding for children. Data regarding the psychometrics and validity of the instrument were examined in a sample of children with cancer. METHODS: A cross-sectional sample of children with cancer (N = 199, ages 7-18 years) completed the Benefit Finding Scale for Children (BFSC) along with measures of adaptive style, optimism/pessimism, post-traumatic stress symptoms, and health-related quality of life. RESULTS: The BFSC was found to be a unidimensional measure with excellent internal reliability. Benefit finding was not related to age or gender, but differed as a function of race/ethnicity. No differences were found by diagnostic category, but a significant relationship was found with age at diagnosis and time elapsed since diagnosis. Small, but significant positive correlations were found with measures of optimism and self-esteem, and a negative correlation with anxiety. No relation was found between benefit finding and post-traumatic stress symtpoms or other domains of health-related quality of life. CONCLUSION: The BFSC shows promise as a measure of benefit finding in children. The measure could be readily adapted for other populations of children experiencing trauma.

Author-supplied keywords

  • *Adaptation, Psychological
  • *Psychological Tests
  • Adolescent
  • Child
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Neoplasms/*psychology
  • Personality
  • Quality of Life
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic/psychology
  • United States

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Authors

  • S Phipps

  • A M Long

  • J Ogden

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