Burden of valvular heart diseases: a population-based study

  • Nkomo V
  • Gardin J
  • Skelton T
 et al. 
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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Valvular heart diseases are not usually regarded as a major public-health problem. Our aim was to assess their prevalence and effect on overall survival in the general population. METHODS: We pooled population-based studies to obtain data for 11 911 randomly selected adults from the general population who had been assessed prospectively with echocardiography. We also analysed data from a community study of 16 501 adults who had been assessed by clinically indicated echocardiography. FINDINGS: In the general population group, moderate or severe valve disease was identified in 615 adults. There was no difference in the frequency of such diseases between men and women (p=0.90). Prevalence increased with age, from 0.7% (95% CI 0.5-1.0) in 18-44 year olds to 13.3% (11.7-15.0) in the 75 years and older group (p

Author-supplied keywords

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Cost of Illness
  • Echocardiography
  • Female
  • Heart Valve Diseases/diagnostic imaging/epidemiolo
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Population Surveillance
  • Prevalence
  • Survival Analysis
  • United States

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Authors

  • V T Nkomo

  • J M Gardin

  • T N Skelton

  • J S Gottdiener

  • C G Scott

  • M Enriquez-Sarano

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