Carbon nanotube-Si diode as a detector of mid-infrared illumination

  • Ong P
  • Euler W
  • Levitsky I
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Abstract

We report a room temperature mid-infrared photodetector based on a carbon nanotube-silicon heterojunction nanostructure. The observed mid-infrared band (8–12 μm) in the photocurrentspectrum is consistent with the estimated band gapenergy of semiconducting multiwall nanotubes (15 to 30 nm diameter). The fast response time (16 ms) and small temperature change (∼10−8 K) upon infrared light suggest that the photocurrent response is not due to bolometric effect. We determined that the primary mechanism of the photocurrent in this spectral range is associated with photon absorption of semiconducting multiwalled carbon nanotubes followed by charge separation at the interface, their transport, and collection at the external electrodes.

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