Because public discourses about caring are socially constructed and contextual, their political implications are susceptible to alteration as the welfare state changes. Such is the case in GB with the transformation of the social democratic welfare regime by the early 1990s reforms that resituated caring as a resource to be managed by social services personnel. This management of household caring entails a process of identification, negotiation, painstaking organization, and compliance with official specifications regarding scope and types of services provided (often with an aim of denying qualification). These reforms toward community care, self-sufficiency, and nonwelfare care provision stem from the New Right's definition of citizenship that has been refined by New Labour. Caring is thus no longer an obligation of the welfare state but a duty of the citizen.
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