Characteristics and outcomes of cancer patients requiring mechanical ventilatory support for >24 hrs

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Abstract

OBJECTIVES: To describe the characteristics of a large cohort of cancer patients receiving mechanical ventilation for >24 hrs and to identify clinical features predictive of in-hospital death. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Ten-bed oncologic medical-surgical intensive care unit. PATIENTS: A total of 463 consecutive patients were included over a 45-month period. INTERVENTIONS: None. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Data were collected on the day of admission to the intensive care unit. The intensive care unit and hospital mortality rates were 50% and 64%, respectively. There were 359 (78%) patients with solid tumors and 104 (22%) with hematologic malignancies; 35 (8%) patients had leukopenia. Sepsis (63%), coma (15%), invasion or compression by tumor (11%), pulmonary embolism (7%), and cardiopulmonary arrest (6%) were the main reasons for mechanical ventilation. The independent unfavorable risk factors for mortality were older age (odds ratio, 3.09; 95% confidence interval, 1.61-5.93, for patients 40-70 yrs old, and odds ratio, 9.26; 95% confidence interval, 4.16-20.58, for patients >70 yrs old); performance status 3-4 (odds ratio, 2.51; 95% confidence interval, 1.40-4.51); cancer recurrence/progression (odds ratio, 3.43; 95% confidence interval, 1.81-6.53); Pao2/Fio2 ratio

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