Childhood obesity and schools: Evidence from the national survey of children's health

  • Li J
  • Hooker N
  • J. L
 et al. 
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Background: The international prevalence of childhood obesity and obesity-related diseases has received increasing attention. Applying data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, we explore relationships between childhood obesity and school type, National School Lunch Program (NSLP) and School Breakfast Program (SBP) eligibility, membership in sports clubs and other sociodemographic, and household factors. Methods: Nonlinear regression models with interaction terms were developed to investigate the effects of school type, physical activity, and NSLP/SBP, etc, on children's body mass index (BMI). Probit models then examine the probability of a child being overweight. Results: Though clinically small, statistically significant effects on BMI were found for children from households eligible for the NSLP/SBP, attending public schools. They have a mean BMI value 0.401 higher than counterparts attending private schools (p

Author-supplied keywords

  • *catering service
  • *demography
  • *health disparity
  • *obesity/ep [Epidemiology]
  • *obesity/pc [Prevention]
  • *school
  • *social class
  • Body mass index (BMI)
  • Childhood obesity
  • National School Lunch Program (NSLP)
  • Physical activity
  • School Breakfast Program (SBP)
  • School type
  • United States/ep [Epidemiology]
  • article
  • body mass
  • catering service
  • child
  • classification
  • demography
  • economics
  • feeding behavior
  • female
  • health disparity
  • health promotion
  • health survey
  • human
  • male
  • obesity/ep [Epidemiology]
  • obesity/pc [Prevention]
  • regression analysis
  • school
  • social class
  • standard
  • statistics

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  • J Li

  • N H Hooker

  • Li J.

  • Hooker N.H.

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