Cholesterol as a natural probe for free radical-mediated lipid peroxidation in biological membranes and lipoproteins

  • Girotti A
  • Korytowski W
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We describe a relatively convenient and reliable procedure for assessing the magnitude of free radical-mediated (chain) lipid peroxidation in biological systems. The approach is based on use of radiolabeled cholesterol ([14C]Ch) as a probe and determination of well-resolved oxidation intermediates/products ([14C]ChOX species), using high performance thin layer chromatography with phorphorimaging detection (HPTLC-PI). In a lipid hydroperoxide-primed liposomal test system treated with ascorbate and a lipophilic iron chelate, the following well-resolved [14C]ChOX are detected and quantified: 7α/7β-OOH, 7α/7β-OH, and 5,6-epoxide, their levels increasing with incubation time at 37 °C. [14C]Ch also serves as an excellent probe for lipid peroxidation in lipoproteins and plasma membranes of mammalian cells. Because this approach utilizes Ch as a natural in situ probe, it eliminates potential artifacts associated with artificial probes such as spin traps and fluorophores.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Cholesterol
  • Cholesterol oxides
  • Free radicals
  • Lipid peroxidation
  • Phosphorimaging
  • Thin layer chromatography

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