Clinical application of opioid equianalgesic data

  • Gammaitoni A
  • Fine P
  • Alvarez N
 et al. 
  • 64

    Readers

    Mendeley users who have this article in their library.
  • 121

    Citations

    Citations of this article.

Abstract

Physicians and other healthcare professionals may often be faced with the need to change opioids during the course of a patient's opioid analgesic care due to a number of clinical reasons. The act of converting opioid analgesics, for many physicians, nurses, and pharmacists, who do not receive adequate training, remains a challenging and often uncomfortable aspect of pain treatment. Part of the challenge clinicians face is secondary to the relatively weak literature evidence base that exists to support the equianalgesic ratios provided in textbooks, journals, and other medical resources. Another aspect involves the lack of a widely recognized treatment algorithm or guideline to assist clinicians with opioid conversion. The final decision on which opioid dose to prescribe must involve a thorough clinical assessment to minimize the risk of prescribing inappropriate opioid doses over or under the patient's actual need. The purpose of this paper is to provide the clinician with an approach for dealing with the conversion between opioid analgesics that is standardized, yet allows for individualized results to meet unique patient needs. We present a 5-step process as a guide for clinicians faced with the need to change a patient's opioid regimen. This approach may help to build a comfort level when dealing with the clinical challenges of converting from one opioid to another.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Dosing
  • Equianalgesia
  • Equianalgesic ratios
  • Opioid
  • Opioid dose conversion

Get free article suggestions today

Mendeley saves you time finding and organizing research

Sign up here
Already have an account ?Sign in

Find this document

Authors

  • Arnold R. Gammaitoni

  • Perry Fine

  • Nancy Alvarez

  • Mary Lynn McPherson

  • Suzette Bergmark

Cite this document

Choose a citation style from the tabs below

Save time finding and organizing research with Mendeley

Sign up for free