This article provides information and a commentary on trials relevant to the pathophysiology, prevention and treatment of heart failure, presented at the European Society of Cardiology Congress 2007. Unpublished reports should be considered as preliminary data, as analyses may change in the final publication. In the 3CPO study, non-invasive ventilation produced a more rapid resolution of symptoms in patients hospitalised with acute cardiogenic pulmonary oedema; but had no effect on survival, compared to standard oxygen therapy. The ALOFT study showed that the selective oral renin inhibitor aliskiren reduces plasma BNP levels and is well tolerated in patients with heart failure receiving ACE inhibitors or ARBs, although the study was not powered to show clinical benefit. In the PROSPECT study, no echocardiographic measure of mechanical dyssynchrony was identified that was useful for identifying patients more or less likely to respond to CRT. Low dose atorvastatin reduced the incidence of sudden cardiac death in a small placebo controlled study of patients with advanced chronic heart failure. © 2007.
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