We begin by reviewing some probabilistic results about the Dirichlet Process and its close relatives, focussing on their implications for statistical modelling and analysis. We then introduce a class of simple mixture models in which clusters are of different `colours', with statistical characteristics that are constant within colours, but different between colours. Thus cluster identities are exchangeable only within colours. The basic form of our model is a variant on the familiar Dirichlet process, and we find that much of the standard modelling and computational machinery associated with the Dirichlet process may be readily adapted to our generalisation. The methodology is illustrated with an application to the partially-parametric clustering of gene expression profiles.
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