Combination of variant and microvascular angina

  • Infusino F
  • Lanza G
  • Sestito A
 et al. 
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Prinzmetal’s variant angina (VA) and cardiac syndrome X (CSX) are two distinct, usually easily recognizable, forms of angina syndromes, caused by epicardial spasm, usually responsible for transient transmural myocardial ischemia at rest and by coronarymicrovascular dysfunction (CMVD), usually responsible for effort induced subendocardial ischemia, respectively. In this article we report clinical evidence in three patients of the simultaneous occurrence of angina episodes typical of both VA and CSX, suggesting that common
pathogenetic factors may be responsible for clinical manifestations both of functional macrovascular and
microvascular coronary artery abnormalities in some angina patients.

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  • Fabio Infusino

  • Gaetano A. Lanza

  • Alfonso Sestito

  • Gregory A. Sgueglia

  • Filippo Crea

  • Attilio Maseri

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