A comparison of adult learning disability subtypes in the vocational rehabilitation system

  • M.D. D
  • K.D. M
  • 1

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Abstract

Objective: To examine the personal adjustment and vocational outcomes of adults with different subtypes of specific learning disabilities. Design: Cluster analysis was used to derive subtypes from a vocational rehabilitation population, and nonparametric tests were used to test hypotheses. Participants: Three hundred sixty-one successfully employed persons were compared with 252 unsuccessfully employed persons. Main Outcome Measures: Rates of secondary psychiatric disorders, type of training, and category of vocational attainment were the outcome measures. Results: Subtype was associated with vocational outcome and training but not with prevalence of secondary psychiatric diagnosis. Conclusions: Subtypes of specific learning disabilities exist in the vocational rehabilitation population and are associated with differences in vocational training, success rates, and occupational placement.

Author-supplied keywords

  • *adult
  • *disability/rh [Rehabilitation]
  • *learning disorder
  • *learning disorder/di [Diagnosis]
  • *learning disorder/rh [Rehabilitation]
  • *vocational rehabilitation
  • adolescent
  • adult
  • article
  • cluster analysis
  • controlled study
  • disability
  • employment
  • female
  • human
  • hypothesis
  • major clinical study
  • male
  • mental disease
  • mental disease/di [Diagnosis]
  • nonparametric test
  • occupational health
  • population
  • prevalence
  • psychiatric diagnosis
  • treatment outcome
  • vocation
  • vocational education

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Authors

  • Dunham M.D.

  • Multon K.D.

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