Statins (HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors) exhibit beneficial effects on the vasculature independently of their cholesterol-lowering properties. These pleiotropic effects underlie the ability of statins to reduce intimal hyperplasia in saphenous vein (SV) bypass grafts by attenuating smooth muscle cell (SMC) invasion and proliferation. Although all statins can effectively lower cholesterol, the pleiotropic effects of individual statins may well differ. We therefore compared the concentration-dependent effects of 4 lipophilic statins (simvastatin, atorvastatin, fluvastatin, and lovastatin) and 1 hydrophilic statin (pravastatin) on the proliferation and invasion of SMC cultured from SV of 9 different patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). The lipophilic statins inhibited SV-SMC proliferation over a 4-day period with an order of potency of fluvastatin > atorvastatin > simvastatin > lovastatin (IC50 range = 0.07 to 1.77 μM). Similarly, these statins also inhibited SV-SMC invasion through an artificial basement membrane barrier (fluvastatin > atorvastatin > simvastatin ≫ lovastatin; IC50 range = 0.92 to 26.9 μM). In contrast, the hydrophilic pravastatin had no significant effect on SV-SMC proliferation at concentrations up to 10 μM, nor did it attenuate SV-SMC invasion (up to 30 μM). Our data provide strong evidence that individual statins possess differential pleiotropic effects on SV-SMC function. This may be of clinical relevance in the selection of individual statins for the treatment of CABG patients. © 2007 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.
Mendeley saves you time finding and organizing research
Choose a citation style from the tabs below