Condylar Hyperplasia Associated to Synovial Chondromatosis of the Temporomandibular Joint: A Case Report

  • Gay-Escoda C
  • Valmaseda-Castellón E
  • Alaejos-Algarra C
 et al. 
  • 8


    Mendeley users who have this article in their library.
  • 4


    Citations of this article.


Condylar hyperplasia is a slowly developing malformation of the mandible, with elongation of the mandibular neck, that generally results in facial asymmetry. Synovial chondromatosis is a benign chronic disorder characterized by the formation of multiple small nodules of hyaline cartilage as a result of metaplasia of the synovial connective tissue. It affects mostly the large joints, particularly the knee, hip, elbow and ankle. The temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is rarely affected. The case of a 42-year-old male with a history of left preauricular pain and swelling and deviation of the mandible to the left upon opening the mouth is presented. Computed tomography disclosed hyperplasia of the left condyle with loose radiopaque bodies within the joint cavity. The left TMJ was subject to open surgery, which included resection of four loose bodies and a remodeling condylectomy. The histopathological study confirmed the diagnosis of condylar hyperplasia and chondromatosis of the left TMJ.

Get free article suggestions today

Mendeley saves you time finding and organizing research

Sign up here
Already have an account ?Sign in

Find this document

Get full text


  • Cosme Gay-Escoda

  • E. Valmaseda-Castellón

  • Concha Alaejos-Algarra

  • Eduardo Vázquez-Rodriguez

Cite this document

Choose a citation style from the tabs below

Save time finding and organizing research with Mendeley

Sign up for free