Continuous infusion versus bolus injection of loop diuretics in congestive heart failure

  • Salvador D
  • Rey N
  • Ramos G
 et al. 
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BACKGROUND: Loop diuretics, when given as intermittent bolus injections in acutely decompensated heart failure, may cause fluctuations in intravascular volume, increased toxicity and development of tolerance. Continuous infusion has been proposed to avoid these complications and result in greater diuresis, hopefully leading to faster symptom resolution, decrease in morbidity and possibly, mortality. OBJECTIVES: To compare the effects and adverse effects of continuous intravenous infusion of loop diuretics with those of bolus intravenous administration among patients with congestive heart failure Class III-IV. SEARCH STRATEGY: We searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (The Cochrane Library Issue 2, 2003), MEDLINE (1966 to 2003), EMBASE (1980 to 2003) and the HERDIN database. We also contacted pharmaceutical companies . SELECTION CRITERIA: Randomized controlled trials comparing the efficacy of continuous intravenous infusion versus bolus intravenous administration of loop diuretics in congestive heart failure were included DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS: Two reviewers independently assessed study eligibility, methodological quality and did data extraction. Included studies were assessed for validity. Authors were contacted when feasible. Adverse effects information was collected from the trials. MAIN RESULTS: Eight trials involving 254 patients were included. In seven studies which reported on urine output, the output (as measured in cc/24 hours) was noted to be greater in patients given continuous infusion with a weighted mean difference (WMD) of 271 cc/24 hour (95%CI 93.1 to 449; p

Author-supplied keywords

  • Heart Failure/drug therapy
  • Humans
  • Infusions, Intravenous
  • Injections, Intravenous
  • Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
  • Sodium Potassium Chloride Symporter Inhibitors/adm

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  • D R Salvador

  • N R Rey

  • G C Ramos

  • F E Punzalan

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