A cross-cultural comparison of Canadian and Mainland Chinese University students' leisure motivations.

  • Walker G
  • Xiye W
  • 1


    Mendeley users who have this article in their library.
  • N/A


    Citations of this article.


This study examined the reliability and explanatory ability of a modified version of Deci and Ryan's self-determination theory as it applied to Canadian (n=170) and Mainland Chinese (n=229) university students' leisure motivations and determined whether these leisure motivations differed between the two cultural groups. An on-site questionnaire composed of seven motivational scales was developed. Alpha coefficients, confirmatory factor analyses, and scale intercorrelation comparisons supported self-determination theory's cross-cultural applicability. Profile analyses indicated as hypothesized that: (a) Canadian students were significantly more identified, introjected reward, and introjected punishment motivated than were Chinese students; and (b) Chinese and Canadian students were not significantly different in their intrinsic, integrated, external reward, and external punishment motivations. Findings are discussed in regard to leisure's universality.

Author-supplied keywords

  • APEC countries
  • America
  • Asia
  • China
  • Developed Countries
  • Developing Countries
  • East Asia
  • Leisure (UU600)
  • North America
  • OECD Countries
  • People's Republic of China
  • Social Psychology and Social Anthropology (UU485)
  • USA
  • United States of America
  • behavior
  • behaviour
  • college students
  • cross cultural studies
  • international comparisons
  • leisure behavior
  • leisure behaviour
  • motivation

Get free article suggestions today

Mendeley saves you time finding and organizing research

Sign up here
Already have an account ?Sign in

Find this document


  • G J Walker

  • Wang Xiye

Cite this document

Choose a citation style from the tabs below

Save time finding and organizing research with Mendeley

Sign up for free