Determination of DPPH radical oxidation caused by methanolic extracts of some microalgal species by linear regression analysis of spectrophotometric measurements

  • Marxen K
  • Vanselow K
  • Lippemeier S
 et al. 
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Abstract

The demonstrated modified spectrophotometric method makes use of the 2,2- diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical and its specific absorbance properties. The absorbance decreases when the radical is reduced by antioxidants. In contrast to other investigations, the absorbance was measured at a wavelength of 550 nm. This wavelength enabled the measurements of the stable free DPPH radical without interference from microalgal pigments. This approach was applied to methanolic microalgae extracts for two different DPPH concentrations. The changes in absorbance measured vs. the concentration of the methanolic extract resulted in curves with a linear decrease ending in a saturation region. Linear regression analysis of the linear part of DPPH reduction versus extract concentration enabled the determination of the microalgae’s methanolic extracts antioxidative potentials which was independent to the employed DPPH concentrations. The resulting slopes showed significant differences (6 - 34 µmol DPPH g-1 extract concentration) between the single different species of microalgae (Anabaena sp., Isochrysis galbana, Phaeodactylum tricornutum, Porphyridium purpureum, Synechocystis sp. PCC6803) in their ability to reduce the DPPH radical. The independency of the signal on the DPPH concentration is a valuable advantage over the determination of the EC50 value.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Absorbance decrease
  • Antioxidative potential
  • Linear regression analysis
  • Microalgae
  • Radical scavenging
  • Spectrophotometric approach

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Authors

  • Kai Marxen

  • Klaus Heinrich Vanselow

  • Sebastian Lippemeier

  • Ralf Hintze

  • Andreas Ruser

  • Ulf Peter Hansen

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