This chapter describes the application and design of diode rectifier circuits. There are two types of single-phase diode rectifier that convert a single-phase ac supply into a dc voltage, namely, single-phase half-wave rectifiers and single-phase full-wave rectifiers. The transformer utilization factor (TUF), which is a measure of the merit of a rectifier circuit, is defined as the ratio of the dc output power to the transformer volt-ampere (VA) rating required by the secondary winding. Full-wave rectifier circuits with resistive load do not produce harmonic currents in their transformers. In half-wave rectifiers, harmonic currents are generated. The transformer core saturation problem in the three-phase star rectifier can be avoided by a special arrangement in its secondary windings, known as zig-zag connection. Three-phase bridge rectifiers are commonly used for high power applications because they have the highest possible transformer utilization factor for a three-phase system. The six-phase voltages on the secondary are obtained by means of a center-tapped arrangement on a star-connected three-phase winding. Therefore, it is sometimes referred to as a three-phase full-wave rectifier. © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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