Education, work and parenthood: Comparing the experience of young men and women in Sweden

  • Dribe M
  • Stanfors M
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Abstract

This article analyzes the determinants of young men and women’s entry into parenthood, applying hazard regressions to a combination of longitudinal micro-data from the 1992/1993 Swedish Family Survey and aggregate time-series data. We study the impact of education, labor market attachment and macro-economic change on becoming a parent for both men and women in Sweden since the mid-1960s. Our results show clear gender dif- ferences both when it comes to individual characteristics and aggregate-level factors. Even though the effects sometimes differed according to gender, education and labor market attachment were key factors determining the transition to parenthood. Over time the pattern grew increasingly similar for men and women.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Education
  • Fertility
  • Gender
  • Hazard regressions
  • Parenthood

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Authors

  • Martin Dribe

  • Maria Stanfors

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