In Chapter 2, in considering the function of emotions, the idea is presented that emotions are part of a system that helps to map certain classes of stimuli, broadly identified as rewarding and punishing stimuli (i.e. aversive stimuli or ‘punishers’), to action systems. Part of the idea is that this enables a simple interface between such stimuli and actions. This is an important area in its own right, which goes to the heart of why animals are built to respond to rewards and punishments, and have emotions.
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