Sixth edition. The much expanded sixth edition of Environmental Hazards provides a fully up-to-date overview of all the extreme events that threaten people and what they value in the twenty-first century. It integrates cutting-edge material from the physical and social sciences to illustrate how natural and human systems interact to place communities of all sizes, and at all stages of economic development, at risk. It also explains in detail the various measures available to reduce the ongoing losses to life and property. Part I of this established textbook defines basic concepts of hazard, risk vulnerability and disaster. Attention is given to the evolution, of theory, to the scales and patterns of disaster impact and to the optimum management strategies needed to minimize the future impact of damaging events. Part II employs, a consistent chapter structure to demonstrate how individual hazards, such as earthquakes, severe storms, floods and droughts, plus biophysical and technological processes, create distinctive impacts and challenges throughout the world. The ways in which different societies can make positive responses to these threats are placed firmly in the context of sustainable development and global environmental change. pt. I. The nature of hazard -- 1. Hazard in the environment -- Hazard, risk and disaster -- Current views : the complexity paradigm -- 2. Dimensions of disaster -- 3. Complexity, sustainability and vulnerability -- Complexity science -- Complexity and disasters -- An example : the Bam earthquake -- Sustainability and disasters -- Vulnerability and resilience -- Drivers of vulnerability and disaster -- 4. Risk assessment and management -- Role of information technology -- 5. Reducing the impacts of disaster -- Scoping the task -- Protection : hazard resistance -- Mitigation : disaster aid -- Mitigation : insurance -- Adaptation : preparedness -- Adaptation : predictions, forecasts and warnings -- Adaptation : land use planning. pt. II. The experience and reduction of hazard -- 6. Tectonic hazards : earthquakes and tsunamis -- Earthquake behavior -- Protection -- Mitigation -- Adaptation -- 7. Tectonic hazards : volcanoes -- Nature of volcanoes -- Protection -- Mitigation -- Adaptation -- 8. Mass movement hazards -- Landslide and avalanche hazards -- Snow avalanches -- Protection -- Mitigation -- Adaptation -- 9. Sever storm hazards -- Atmospheric hazards -- Nature of tropical cyclones -- Severe summer storms -- Severe winter storms -- Protection -- Mitigation -- Adaptation -- 10. Weather extremes, disease epidemics and wildfires -- Extreme temperature hazards -- Nature of disease epidemics -- Infectious diseases and climate -- Disease hazard reduction -- Nature of wildfires -- Wildfire hazard deduction -- 11. Hydrological hazards : floods -- Flood-prone environments -- Nature of floods -- Protection -- Mitigation -- Adaptation -- 12. Hydrological hazards : droughts -- Types of drought -- Causes of drought hazards -- Protection -- Mitigation -- Adaptation -- 13. Technological hazards -- Scale and nature of the hazard -- Outline of theory -- Technological hazards in practice -- Perception : the transport and nuclear industries -- Protection -- Mitigation -- Adaptation -- 14. Environmental hazards in a changing world -- Globalization of hazard -- Environmental change -- Air pollution and climate change -- Geophysical paths to disaster -- Climate change and environmental hazards.
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