European multi-centre study of the Nucleus Hybrid L24 cochlear implant

  • Lenarz T
  • James C
  • Cuda D
 et al. 
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Abstract

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the preservation of residual hearing in subjects who received the Nucleus Hybrid L24 cochlear implant. To investigate the performance benefits up to one year post-implantation in terms of speech recognition, sound quality, and quality of life.

DESIGN: Prospective, with sequential enrolment and within-subject comparisons. Post-operative performance using a Freedom Hybrid sound processor was compared with that of pre-operative hearing aids.

STUDY SAMPLE: Sixty-six adult hearing-impaired subjects with bilateral severe-to-profound high frequency hearing loss.

RESULTS: Group median increase in air-conduction thresholds in the implanted ear for test frequencies 125-1000 Hz was < 15 dB across the population; both immediately and one year post-operatively. Eighty-eight percent of subjects used the Hybrid processor at one year post-op. Sixty-five percent of subjects had significant gain in speech recognition in quiet, and 73% in noise (≥ 20 percentage points/2 dB SNR). Mean SSQ subscale scores were significantly improved (+ 1.2, + 1.3, + 1.8 points, p < 0.001), as was mean HUI3 score (+ 0.117, p < 0.01). Combining residual hearing with CI gave 22-26 %age points mean benefit in speech recognition scores over CI alone (p < 0.01).

CONCLUSIONS: Useful residual hearing was conserved in 88% of subjects. Speech perception was significantly improved over preoperative hearing aids, as was sound quality and quality of life.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Bimodal stimulation
  • Cochlear implant
  • Electric-acoustic stimulation
  • Residual hearing
  • Sensorineural hearing loss

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Authors

  • Thomas Lenarz

  • Chris James

  • Domenico Cuda

  • Alec Fitzgerald O'Connor

  • Bruno Frachet

  • Johan H.M. Frijns

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