Evaluation of methods for differentiation of coagulase-positive staphylococci

  • Roberson J
  • Fox L
  • Hancock D
 et al. 
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Abstract

The purpose of this study was to determine the minimum number of tests that could be used to differentiate between the coagulase-positive strains of staphylococcus: Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus hyicus, and Staphylococcus intermedius. Eighty coagulase-positive strains of each of the three species were examined. The five tests conducted were growth on modified Baird-Parker agar, growth on P agar supplemented with acriflavin, production of acetoin, anaerobic fermentation of mannitol, and presence of beta-galactosidase. Positive test percentages for S. aureus were 100% for growth on modified Baird-Parker agar, 100% for growth on P agar supplemented with acriflavin, 94% for production of acetoin, 99% for anaerobic fermentation of mannitol, and 0% for presence of beta-galactosidase. Positive test percentages for S. intermedius were 0% for growth on modified Baird-Parker agar, 0% for growth on P agar supplemented with acriflavin, 1% for production of acetoin, 0% for anaerobic fermentation of mannitol, and 100% for presence of beta-galactosidase. S. hyicus isolates were negative in all five tests. Results from the 240 coagulase-positive staphylococcus strains tested would suggest correct identification of coagulase-positive staphylococci with P agar supplemented with acriflavin and the beta-galactosidase test. These two tests are simple to conduct and result in quick and easy differentiation of the three coagulase-positive staphylococcal species.

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  • PUI: 22369102
  • PMID: 1452705
  • DOI: 1992-010
  • ISSN: 00951137
  • SGR: 0026448056
  • SCOPUS: 2-s2.0-0026448056

Authors

  • J. R. Roberson

  • L. K. Fox

  • D. D. Hancock

  • T. E. Besser

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