Lithium chloride-laced cow-baits were placed on a ranch in prime wolf habitat in Northern Minnesota. Decreased bait consumption over the summer, and an experimental control for the effects of season, suggested that bait aversions were established in the wolf (Canis lupus) population. Since losses were historically low on the ranch, loss reduction may not have been an appropriate indicator of predation prevention. The dramatically decreased number of wolves taken from the ranch, compared to previous years, without a concurrent increase in depredation, suggests limited success. © 1982.
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