Experiences of the individual placement and support approach in persons with severe mental illness.

  • Areberg TommyBejerholm, Ulrika C
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Abstract

Background: Across several research studies comparing the individual placement and support (IPS) approach to traditional vocational services, the approach has achieved employment outcomes superior to comparison conditions. However, to understand the efficacy of IPS, it is equally important to consider what is more or less effective as viewed by the IPS participants. Aim: To investigate participants' experiences of IPS participation and their experiences of receiving support from an employment specialist (ES). Method: Interviews were conducted with 17 persons with severe mental illness. The interviews were subjected to qualitative content analysis. The principles of informed consent and the voluntary nature of participation were included as ethical considerations. Results: Participation in IPS was associated with hope, meaning and an individualized support provided by the ES. The skills of the ES facilitated the relationship with the participant and the contact with the labour market. However, to make a change happen, everybody involved in IPS had to contribute. Conclusion: These findings have endorsed the guiding principles of IPS and emphasized the ES's role and skills during IPS as well as the participant's motivation. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

Author-supplied keywords

  • COMPARATIVE studies
  • CONTENT analysis (Communication)
  • INDUSTRIAL relations
  • INTERVIEWING
  • MENTALLY ill -- Rehabilitation
  • MOTIVATION (Psychology)
  • PATIENT satisfaction
  • PEOPLE with disabilities -- Employment
  • PEOPLE with mental disabilities
  • POVERTY
  • QUALITATIVE research
  • RANDOMIZED controlled trials
  • RESEARCH -- Finance
  • SEVERITY of illness index
  • SOCIAL support
  • SOCIOECONOMIC factors
  • SWEDEN
  • UNEMPLOYMENT

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Authors

  • CeciliaBjörkman Areberg TommyBejerholm, Ulrika

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