The fluorine atom as a halogen bond donor, viz. a positive site

  • Metrangolo P
  • Murray J
  • Pilati T
 et al. 
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When bound to residues which can work as particularly strong electron withdrawing groups, fluorine can display a region of pos. electrostatic potential (pos. $σ$-hole). Fluorine can thus function as a halogen bond donor and form complexes with lone-pair-contg. neutral atoms and anions. Examples in the gas, liq., and solid phases are discussed. [on SciFinder(R)]

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