Formation of prostamides from anandamide in FAAH knockout mice analyzed by HPLC with tandem mass spectrometry

  • Weber A
  • Ni J
  • Ling K
 et al. 
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We investigated the formation of PGF(2alpha) 1-ethanolamide, PGE(2) 1-ethanolamide, and PGD(2) 1-ethanolamide (prostamides F(2alpha), E(2), and D(2), respectively) in liver, lung, kidney, and small intestine after a single intravenous bolus administration of 50 mg/kg of anandamide to normal and fatty acid amide hydrolase knockout (FAAH -/-) male mice. One group of three normal mice was not dosed (naïve) while another group of three normal mice received a bolus intravenous injection of 50 mg/kg of anandamide. Three FAAH -/- mice also received an intravenous injection of 50 mg/kg of anandamide. After 30 min, the lung, liver, kidney, and small intestine were harvested and processed by liquid-liquid extraction. The concentrations of prostamide F(2alpha), prostamide E(2), prostamide D(2), and anandamide were determined by HPLC-tandem mass spectrometry. Prostamide F(2alpha) was detected in tissues in FAAH -/- mice after administration of anandamide. Concentrations of anandamide, prostamide E(2), and prostamide D(2) in liver, kidney, lung, and small intestine were much higher in the anandamide-treated FAAH -/- mice than those of the anandamide-treated control mice. This report demonstrates that prostamides, including prostamide F(2alpha), were formed in vivo from anandamide, potentially by the cyclooxygenase-2 pathway when the competing FAAH pathway is lacking.

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  • Allan Weber

  • Jinsong Ni

  • Kah-Hiing John Ling

  • Andrew Acheampong

  • Diane D-S. Tang-Liu

  • Robert Burk

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