Global myocardial function is compromised in infants with pulmonary hypertension

  • Sehgal A
  • Athikarisamy S
  • Adamopoulos M
  • 19

    Readers

    Mendeley users who have this article in their library.
  • 12

    Citations

    Citations of this article.

Abstract

AIM: Persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn is a serious clinical entity with significant mortality and long-term morbidity. The objective was to study the profile of myocardial function, especially diastolic function, in term infants with pulmonary hypertension treated with nitric oxide.

METHODS: Unit electronic database was accessed to identify infants ≥34 weeks gestation who were administered nitric oxide for pulmonary hypertension over the last 6 years. Medical records and archived echocardiographic images were retrieved. Those with no echocardiogram on the day of administration of nitric oxide, concomitant congenital heart disease or ≥2 weeks of age at the time of nitric administration were excluded.

RESULTS: Low biventricular outputs were noted in >2/3rd infants. Tricuspid regurgitation was noted in 20/25 (80%) infants, and ductal shunt was bidirectional in the majority of cases. Right ventricular diastolic function was assessed by systolic to diastolic duration ratio; dysfunction was widely prevalent.

CONCLUSIONS: A large percentage of infants were haemodynamically severely compromised. This is the first study to detail right ventricular diastolic dysfunction in infants with pulmonary hypertension and highlights the therapeutic role of milrinone, a lusitropic drug with myocardial relaxation properties. Comprehensive evaluation of cardiovascular haemodynamics can optimize clinical care.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Echocardiography
  • Nitric oxide
  • Pulmonary hypertension

Get free article suggestions today

Mendeley saves you time finding and organizing research

Sign up here
Already have an account ?Sign in

Find this document

Authors

Cite this document

Choose a citation style from the tabs below

Save time finding and organizing research with Mendeley

Sign up for free