High-Bandpass Filters in Electrocardiography: Source of Error in the Interpretation of the ST Segment

  • Buendía-Fuentes F
  • Arnau-Vives M
  • Arnau-Vives A
 et al. 
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Abstract

Introduction . Artifactual variations in the ST segment may lead to confusion with acute coronary syndromes. Objective . To evaluate how the technical characteristics of the recording mode may distort the ST segment. Material and Method . We made a series of electrocardiograms using different filter configurations in 45 asymptomatic patients. A spectral analysis of the electrocardiograms was made by discrete Fourier transforms, and an accurate recomposition of the ECG signal was obtained from the addition of successive harmonics. Digital high-pass filters of 0.05 and 0.5 Hz were used, and the resulting shapes were compared with the originals. Results . In 42 patients (93%) clinically significant alterations in ST segment level were detected. These changes were only seen in “real time mode” with high-pass filter of 0.5 Hz. Conclusions . Interpretation of the ST segment in “real time mode” should only be carried out using high-pass filters of 0.05 Hz.

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Authors

  • F. Buendía-Fuentes

  • M. A. Arnau-Vives

  • A. Arnau-Vives

  • Y. Jiménez-Jiménez

  • J. Rueda-Soriano

  • E. Zorio-Grima

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