A highly efficient redox chromophore for simultaneous application in a photoelectrochemical dye sensitized solar cell and electrochromic devices

  • Nogueira A
  • Toma S
  • Vidotti M
 et al. 
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We synthesized a novel series of compounds based on a ruthenium(II)
dicarboxybipyridine (dcbpy) complex containing chloro and trans-1,4-bis[2-(4-pyridyl)ethenyl]benzene
(BPEB) ligands. The binuclear species Na-6[{[Ru-II(dcbpy)(2)Cl}(2)(BPEB)]
exhibits an electrochromic effect when reduced, which is assigned
to the radical BPEB0/., similarly as in viologen-based compounds.
The carboxylate groups on the 4,4' positions of bipyridine allow
a strong attachment to the TiO2 surface, contributing to an efficient
and reversible electron transfer from the oxide to the chromophoric
ligand, coloring the oxide film blue. The coloration efficiency CE(lambda)
at 633 nm was 109 cm(2) C-1, which is high compared to TiO2 itself.
The complex also exhibits a high photon-to-electron conversion efficiency
(IPCE > 70%) when applied as a photoanode in a dye sensitized solar
cell (DSSC).

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