Surveys are presented on automatic and quantitative deformation measurements using CCDs and computers in holographic interferometry and speckle metrology for diffusely reflecting surfaces. For delivering relationships between object deformation and observed quantities, we discuss formations of fringes and signals observed in these methods in terms of correlation functions of spatially randomly varying complex amplitude of light. Dependencies of the observed patterns on object deformation and optical systems are discussed. Physical meanings of the derived relationships are explained in terms of the dynamic behaviors of speckles resulting from surface deformation. Automatic measurements are described in chronological orders. They include analysis of fringe patterns resulting from photographic recording of specklegrams, video recording and analysis of speckle patterns used in electronic speckle pattern interferometry as well as direct digital correlation techniques, and digital holography that uses both digital recording and reconstruction of holograms. © 2002 Published by Elsevier Science Ltd.
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