Husbands' versus Wives' Fertility Goals and Use of Contraception: The Influence of Gender Context in Five Asian Countries

  • Mason K
  • Smith H
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JSTOR is a not-for-profit service that helps scholars, researchers, and students discover, use, and build upon a wide range of content in a trusted digital archive. We use information technology and tools to increase productivity and facilitate new forms of scholarship. For more information about JSTOR, please contact Springer, Population Association of America are collaborating with JSTOR to digitize, preserve and extend access to Demography This content downloaded from on Fri, 03 Jun 2016 18:36:45 UTC All use subject to Using data from Pakistan, India, Malaysia, Thailand, and th, Philippines, we explore how gender context influences (1) hus band-wife concordance in the demandfor children and (2) the im pact of each spouse s fertility preferences on contraceptive use. W, also explore whether the husband's pronatalism can explain th, wife s unmet need for contraception. The results suggest that gen der context has little net effect on couples 'concordance, but influ ences the relative weight of husbands' and wives'preferences is determining contraceptive use. Analysis of women unmet need for contraception suggests that the husbands 'pronatalism contrib utes to wives' unmet need, but only to a relatively small degree especially in settings where unmet need is high. This is the cas, because the proportion of couples with differing fertility goals i. small in most communities. Increasing evidence shows that women's autonomy anm power help to reduce fertility, at least when other conditions favor this change (Amin et al. The mechanisms that mediate this relationship are less clearly understood, however. In par ticular, researchers have not explored the extent to whicl gender stratification influences agreement between spouses and their use of birth control. Does a gender system tha

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  • Karen Oppenheim Mason

  • Herbert L. Smith

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