The use of illustrations when learning to read: A cognitive load theory approach

  • Torcasio S
  • Sweller J
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Abstract

The relationship between parents styles of talking about past events with their children and childrens recall of stressful events was explored. In this investigation, 2- to 5-year-old childrens recall of injuries requiring hospital emergency room treatment was assessed within a few days of the injury and again 2 years later, along with the way their parents reminisced with them about the event. Correlational analyses showed that age and parental reminiscing style were consistently related to child memory; regression analyses showed that although age was most important, parents who were more elaborative had children who recalled more during their initial interview about the harder- to-remember hospital event. Thus, an elaborative parental style may help childrens recall of even highly salient and stressful events.

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Authors

  • Susannah Torcasio

  • John Sweller

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