Journal article

Impact of management by objectives on organizational productivity.

Rodgers R, Hunter J ...see all

Journal of Applied Psychology, vol. 76, issue 2 (1991) pp. 322-336

  • 88

    Readers

    Mendeley users who have this article in their library.
  • 108

    Citations

    Citations of this article.
Sign in to save reference

Abstract

Goal setting, participation in decision making, and objective feedback have each been shown to increase productivity As a combination of these three processes, management by objectives (MBO) also should increase productivity. A meta-analysis of studies supported this prediction: 68 out of 70 studies showed productivity gains, and only 2 studies showed losses. The literature on MBO indi- cates that various problems have been encountered with implementing MBO programs. One factor was predicted to be essential to success: the level of top-management commitment to M BO. Proper implementation starts from the top and requires both support and participation from top manage- ment. Results of the meta-analysis showed that when top-management commitment was high, the average gain in productivity was 56%. When commitment was low, the average gain in productivity was only 6%.

Get free article suggestions today

Mendeley saves you time finding and organizing research

Sign up here
Already have an account ?Sign in

Find this document

Get full text

Authors

  • Robert Rodgers

  • John E. Hunter

Cite this document

Choose a citation style from the tabs below

Save time finding and organizing research with Mendeley

Sign up for free