Impact of stroke on health-related quality of life in the noninstitutionalized population in the United States

  • J. X
  • E.Q. W
  • Z.-J. Z
 et al. 
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Abstract

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE - Stroke is a major cause of long-term disability in the United States. This study examined the national impact of stroke on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and disparities in HRQoL across different demographic groups. METHODS - Combined 2000 and 2002 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey data were used, which include quality-of-life measures based on the short-form generic measures (SF-12) and the EuroQol Group measures (EQ-5D index and EQ VAS) for 39 680 adults aged >18 years. Stratified analysis and ordinary least square regressions were used to compare HRQoL scores between stroke and nonstroke populations. RESULTS - The study included 1040 noninstitutionalized stroke survivors. After adjustment for sociodemographics, risk factors, and comorbidities, stroke survivors had statistically significantly lower mean scores for mental health (-4.1%), physical health (-7.9%), health utility (-6.9%), and self-rated health (-7.2%) (all P

Author-supplied keywords

  • United States
  • adult
  • age distribution
  • aged
  • article
  • cerebrovascular accident
  • comorbidity
  • controlled study
  • demography
  • ethnic difference
  • female
  • fitness
  • health care utilization
  • human
  • major clinical study
  • male
  • mental health
  • population research
  • priority journal
  • quality of life
  • questionnaire
  • race difference
  • risk factor
  • scoring system
  • sex difference
  • statistical significance
  • stroke patient

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Authors

  • Xie J.

  • Wu E.Q.

  • Zheng Z.-J.

  • Croft J.B.

  • Greenlund K.J.

  • Mensah G.A.

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