Impairments of Attention Following Childhood Traumatic Brain Injury Impairments of Attention Following Childhood Traumatic Brain Injury *

  • Fenwick T
  • Anderson V
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Abstract

Attentional deficits are commonly reported following traumatic brain injury (TBI) in adults, although the occurrence of such problems is less well documented in young children. This study aimed to investigate residual attentional abilities associated with TBI during childhood, by examining a number of aspects of attention including sustained, focussed, and divided attention, attentional shift, and response inhibition. Eighteen children with a history of TBI, aged between 8 and 14 years and 18 non-injured matched controls participated in the study. Results show that attentional skills may be differentially impaired after TBI, with children who have sustained moderate-to-severe TBI exhibiting significant deficits on the following attentional domains: sustain, focus, and response inhibition. These findings support the view that attentional impairments following pediatric TBI, while not global, may be more generalized than those reported for adult samples, perhaps reflecting the relative immaturity of attentional skills at the time of injury. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

Author-supplied keywords

  • ATTENTION-deficit hyperactivity disorder
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Attention
  • Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity
  • BRAIN -- Wounds & injuries
  • Brain Injury
  • Child
  • Chronic
  • Closed
  • Female
  • Head Injuries
  • Humans
  • Inhibition (Psychology)
  • Male
  • Neuropsychological Tests
  • PEDIATRIC neuropsychology
  • Reaction Time
  • diagnosis
  • psychology

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Authors

  • Trudy Fenwick

  • Vicki Anderson

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