An implantable biofuel cell for a live insect

  • Rasmussen M
  • Ritzmann R
  • Lee I
 et al. 
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Abstract

A biofuel cell incorporating a bienzymatic trehalase|glucose oxidase trehalose anode and a bilirubin oxidase dioxygen cathode using Os complexes grafted to a polymeric backbone as electron relays was designed and constructed. The specific power densities of the biofuel cell implanted in a female Blaberus discoidalis through incisions into its abdomen yielded maximum values of ca. 55 μW/cm(2) at 0.2 V that decreased by only ca. 5% after ca. 2.5 h of operation.

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Authors

  • Michelle Rasmussen

  • Roy E. Ritzmann

  • Irene Lee

  • Alan J. Pollack

  • Daniel Scherson

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