The importance of differentiating urban and rural phenomena in examining the unequal distribution of locally desirable land

  • Zhang Y
  • Tarrant M
  • Green G
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Abstract

Previous research addressing the unequal distribution of locally desirable land (LDL) has mainly ignored their associated environments (i.e., rural or urban). However, this study proposed a new framework that treats rural and urban regions separately. In rural areas, the LDLs included all public lands. In urbanized areas, the LDLs were defined as green open spaces. Potential inequities in the distribution of LDL were assessed with respect to socioeconomic characteristics of residents in the State of Georgia. Using US Census Bureau Data (2000), Census Block Groups (CBGs) adjacent to LDLs were compared to CBGs outside of LDLs on four socioeconomic variables (per capita income, occupation, education, and race) in urban, suburban and rural environments. Results showed that CBGs adjacent to LDLs were composed of statistically significant upper-class communities containing fewer blue-collar workers, more whites, and higher income and higher educated people in rural, suburban and urban areas. © 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Environmental justice
  • Green space
  • Locally desirable land
  • Public land
  • Rural
  • Suburban
  • Urban

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Authors

  • Yangjian Zhang

  • Michael A. Tarrant

  • Gary T. Green

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