Improving hypertension control in diabetes mellitus: The effects of collaborative and proactive health communication

  • Naik A
  • Kallen M
  • Walder A
 et al. 
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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Communication between patients and clinicians using collaborative goals and treatment plans may overcome barriers to achieving hypertension control in routine diabetes mellitus care. We assessed the interrelation of patient-clinician communication factors to determine their independent associations with hypertension control in diabetes care. METHODS AND RESULTS: We identified 566 older adults with diabetes mellitus and hypertension at the DeBakey VA Medical Center in Houston, Tex. Clinical and pharmacy data were collected, and a patient questionnaire was sent to all participants. A total of 212 individuals returned surveys. Logistic regression analyses were performed to assess the effect of patient characteristics, self-management behaviors, and communication factors on hypertension control. Three communication factors had significant associations with hypertension control. Two factors, patients' endorsement of a shared decision-making style (odds ratio 1.61, 95% confidence interval 1.01 to 2.57) and proactive communication with one's clinician about abnormal results of blood pressure self-monitoring (odds ratio 1.89, 95% confidence interval 1.10 to 3.26), had direct, independent associations in multivariate regression. Path analysis was used to investigate the direct and indirect effects of communication factors and hypertension control. Decision-making style (beta=0.20, P

Author-supplied keywords

  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Goals
  • Hypertension
  • Outcomes assessment
  • Physician-patient relations

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