Individual differences in experiences of and responses to guilt and shame: Examining the lenses of gender and gender role

  • Benetti-Mcquoid J
  • Bursik K
  • 52


    Mendeley users who have this article in their library.
  • 44


    Citations of this article.


How are experiences of and reactions to guilt and shame a function of gendered views of the self? Individual differences in guilt and shame responses were explored in a sample of 104 young adults, most of whom were European American. Results indicated that, although women reported greater proneness to guilt and shame, men reported more trait guilt. Heightened levels of guilt- and shame-proneness were observed among both men and women with traditionally feminine gender roles, whereas a more traditionally masculine self-concept was associated with decreased shame-proneness for women. Gender schematic women favored verbal responses to ameliorate the experience of guilt, whereas gender schematic men preferred action-oriented responses. These results are discussed as gendered outcomes of schematic versus aschematic gender role socialization. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2007 APA (journal abstract)

Author-supplied keywords

  • Gender differences
  • Gender role
  • Guilt
  • Shame

Get free article suggestions today

Mendeley saves you time finding and organizing research

Sign up here
Already have an account ?Sign in

Find this document


  • Jessica Benetti-Mcquoid

  • Krisanne Bursik

Cite this document

Choose a citation style from the tabs below

Save time finding and organizing research with Mendeley

Sign up for free