Interaction of somatoform and vestibular disorders

  • Best C
  • Eckhardt-Herrn A
  • Diener G
 et al. 
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Abstract

BACKGROUND: The high coincidence of organic vestibular and somatoform vertigo syndromes has appeared to support pathogenic models showing a strong linkage between them. It was hypothesised that a persisting vestibular dysfunction causes the development of anxiety disorders. OBJECTIVE: To determine the relation between vestibular deficits and somatoform vertigo disorders in an interdisciplinary prospective study. METHODS: Participants were divided into eight diagnostic groups: healthy volunteers (n=26) and patients with benign paroxysmal positioning vertigo (BPPV, n=11), vestibular neuritis (n=11), Meniere's disease (n=7), vestibular migraine (n=15), anxiety (n=23), depression (n=12), or somatoform disorders (n=22). Neuro-otological diagnostic procedures included electro-oculography with rotatory and caloric testing, orthoptic examination with measurements of subjective visual vertical (SVV) and ocular torsion, and a neurological examination. Psychosomatic diagnostic procedures comprised interviews and psychometric instruments. RESULTS: Patients with BPPV (35.3%) and with vestibular neuritis (52.2%) had pathological test values on caloric irrigation (p

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Authors

  • Christoph Best

  • A. Eckhardt-Herrn

  • G. Diener

  • S. Bense

  • P. Breuer

  • M. Dieterich

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