Intergroup cannibalism in the European Early Pleistocene: The range expansion and imbalance of power hypotheses

  • Saladié P
  • Huguet R
  • Rodríguez-Hidalgo A
 et al. 
  • 135


    Mendeley users who have this article in their library.
  • 29


    Citations of this article.


In this paper, we compare cannibalism in chimpanzees, modern humans, and in archaeological cases with cannibalism inferred from evidence from the Early Pleistocene assemblage of level TD6 of Gran Dolina (Sierra de Atapuerca, Spain). The cannibalism documented in level TD6 mainly involves the consumption of infants and other immature individuals. The human induced modifications on Homo antecessor and deer remains suggest that butchering processes were similar for both taxa, and the remains were discarded on the living floor in the same way. This finding implies that a group of hominins that used the Gran Dolina cave periodically hunted and consumed individuals from another group. However, the age distribution of the cannibalized hominins in the TD6 assemblage is not consistent with that from other cases of exo-cannibalism by human/hominin groups. Instead, it is similar to the age profiles seen in cannibalism associated with intergroup aggression in chimpanzees. For this reason, we use an analogy with chimpanzees to propose that the TD6 hominins mounted low-risk attacks on members of other groups to defend access to resources within their own territories and to try and expand their territories at the expense of neighboring groups. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Chimpanzees
  • Homo antecessor
  • Nutritional cannibalism
  • Spain
  • Taphonomy

Get free article suggestions today

Mendeley saves you time finding and organizing research

Sign up here
Already have an account ?Sign in

Find this document

Get full text


  • Palmira Saladié

  • Rosa Huguet

  • Antonio Rodríguez-Hidalgo

  • Isabel Cáceres

  • Montserrat Esteban-Nadal

  • Juan Luis Arsuaga

Cite this document

Choose a citation style from the tabs below

Save time finding and organizing research with Mendeley

Sign up for free