The Jefferson Scale of Physician Empathy: Development and preliminary psychometric data

  • Hojat M
  • Mangione S
  • Nasca T
 et al. 
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Abstract

The present study was designed to develop a brief instrument to measure empathy in health care providers in patient care situations. Three groups participated in the study: Group 1 consisted of 55 physicians, Group 2 was 41 internal medicine residents, and Group 3 was composed of 193 third-year medical students. A 90-item preliminary version of the Empathy scale was developed based on a review of the literature and distributed to Group 1 for feedback. After pilot testing, a revised and shortened 45-item version of the instrument was distributed to Groups 2 and 3. A final version of the Jefferson Scale of Physician Empathy containing 20 items based on statistical analyses was constructed. psychometric findings provided support for the construct validity, criterion-related validity (convergent and discriminant), and internal consistency reliability (coefficient alpha) of the scale scores.

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Authors

  • Mohammadreza HojatSidney Kimmel Medical College at Thomas Jefferson Universitytyb

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  • Salvatore Mangione

  • Thomas J. Nasca

  • Mitchell J.M. Cohen

  • Joseph S. Gonnella

  • James B. Erdmann

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