The Jefferson Scale of Physician Empathy: Development and preliminary psychometric data

  • Hojat M
  • Mangione S
  • Nasca T
 et al. 
  • 263


    Mendeley users who have this article in their library.
  • 313


    Citations of this article.


The present study was designed to develop a brief instrument to measure empathy in health care providers in patient care situations. Three groups participated in the study: Group 1 consisted of 55 physicians, Group 2 was 41 internal medicine residents, and Group 3 was composed of 193 third-year medical students. A 90-item preliminary version of the Empathy scale was developed based on a review of the literature and distributed to Group 1 for feedback. After pilot testing, a revised and shortened 45-item version of the instrument was distributed to Groups 2 and 3. A final version of the Jefferson Scale of Physician Empathy containing 20 items based on statistical analyses was constructed. psychometric findings provided support for the construct validity, criterion-related validity (convergent and discriminant), and internal consistency reliability (coefficient alpha) of the scale scores.

Get free article suggestions today

Mendeley saves you time finding and organizing research

Sign up here
Already have an account ?Sign in

Find this document


  • Mohammadreza HojatSidney Kimmel Medical College at Thomas Jefferson Universitytyb

  • Salvatore Mangione

  • Thomas J. Nasca

  • Mitchell J.M. Cohen

  • Joseph S. Gonnella

  • James B. Erdmann

Cite this document

Choose a citation style from the tabs below

Save time finding and organizing research with Mendeley

Sign up for free