Ketonization of a nitrile-butadiene rubber by nitrous oxide: Comparison with the ketonization of other type diene rubbers

  • Semikolenov S
  • Dubkov K
  • Ivanov D
 et al. 
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Abstract

Noncatalytic ketonization of a nitrile-butadiene rubber (21 mol% acrylonitrile units) by nitrous oxide was shown to yield polymeric products functionalized with carbonyl (mainly ketone) groups. The reaction was conducted in a benzene solvent at 180-230° and pressure of 3-6 MPa. An assumed ketonization mechanism includes a 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition of N2O to C{double bond, long}C bonds in butadiene units. According to the NMR and GPC data, the main route of the reaction (ca. 85%) proceeds without cleavage of the C{double bond, long}C bonds and yields ketone groups in the polymer backbone. The minor route (ca. 15%) includes the cleavage of C{double bond, long}C bonds resulting in fragmentation of the macromolecules that leads to a decrease in their molecular weight. The nitrile (-CN) groups remain untouched. The resulting product is a bifunctional low-molecular rubber containing, in addition to originally present nitrile groups, a regulated amount of new ketone groups randomly distributed along the polymer backbone. The results for nitrile-butadiene rubber are compared with the earlier studied ketonization of butadiene and isoprene rubbers. The molecular structure of monomeric units was shown to be an important characteristic of a parent rubber affecting the reaction rate, degree of fragmentation, and consistency (rubber-like, plastic, or liquid) of the resulting material. © 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Diene rubbers
  • Functional oligomers
  • Functional polymers
  • N2O
  • Nitrile-butadiene rubber
  • Polyketones

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Authors

  • Sergey V. Semikolenov

  • Konstantin A. Dubkov

  • Dmitry P. Ivanov

  • Dmitry E. Babushkin

  • Mikhail A. Matsko

  • Gennady I. Panov

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