Minimally invasive surgery (MIS) has overcome many technical limitations and has evolved into a safe alternative for the treatment of many complex pediatric surgical procedures. The introduction of this approach for the correction of congenital biliary tract anomalies had to wait until instrumentation and surgeons' skills improved enough. This happened not so long ago: less than 10 years have elapsed since the first reported case of a minimally invasive operation for choledochal cyst and less than 3 years since the first reported case of a laparoscopic Kasai. This article summarizes the experience gained by the authors in laparoscopic treatment of 41 patients with biliary atresia and 15 patients with choledochal cyst with similar surgical techniques, which are described in detail. Based on the encouraging results, the authors believe that MIS will soon become the gold standard for the correction of congenital biliary tract anomalies. © 2005 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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