The limits of bloodwarming: Maximally heating blood with an inline microwave bloodwarmer

  • Herron D
  • Grabowy R
  • Connolly R
 et al. 
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Bloodwarmers, mandatory for use in trauma resuscitation, are currently limited to a maximum temperature of 42 degrees C by the American Association of Blood Banks. Using newly available inline microwave bloodwarming technology, we sought to identify the maximal temperature to which blood may be safely heated.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Blood transfusion
  • Hemolysis
  • Hemorrhage
  • Hypothermia
  • Microwave
  • Resuscitation
  • Trauma

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  • Daniel M. Herron

  • Richard Grabowy

  • Raymond Connolly

  • Steven D. Schwaitzberg

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