The technological innovation and diffusion literatures consistently suggest the importance of the institutional environment, including non-market as well as market organizations and relationships, in the commercialization of innovation. There is, however, no general framework for studying the relevant organizations and relationships as a structured system. This paper draws on organizational ecology to develop such a framework, 'the innovation community'. The paper then suggests how the new framework could be employed in guiding research and in developing a general institutional theory of technology commercialization.
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