The 'Liverpool model(s)': Cultural planning, Liverpool and Capital of Culture 2008

  • Connolly M
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Within the UK, the ?Liverpool model? is being celebrated as the new template for Capital of Culture festivals, and culture led urban regeneration in general. This paper will question this celebration and argue that there are, in fact, two ?Liverpool models?: the first, outlined in its bid and developed within its initial planning strategy, represented the apogee of a New Labour informed ?cultural planning? framework for urban development; the second, developed post-2008 within the impact analysis Impacts08, is a more sober and realistic reflection of the role of culture in urban regeneration. This paper will demonstrate how this first model, while politically expedient and rhetorically seductive, was both theoretically unstable and practically unrealizable. Its subsequent abandonment represents an indictment of cultural planning as a nostrum for the complex structural, social and economic problems of the post-industrial city.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Capital of Culture
  • Liverpool08
  • New Labour cultural policy
  • cultural planning
  • economic instrumentalism
  • social instrumentalism

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