Longitudinal analyses of family functioning in veterans and their partners across treatment

  • Evans L
  • Cowlishaw S
  • Forbes D
 et al. 
  • 64


    Mendeley users who have this article in their library.
  • 36


    Citations of this article.


Objective: This study evaluated the relations between posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms and poor family functioning in veterans and their partners. Method: Data were collected from Caucasian veterans with PTSD (N = 1,822) and their partners (N = 702); mean age = 53.9 years, SD = 7.36. Veterans completed the Posttraumatic Checklist Military Version (PCL-M) and, along with their partners, completed the McMaster Family Assessment Device (FAD-12). Assessments were conducted at intake into a treatment program at 3 months and 9 months posttreatment. Results: Structural equation models (SEMs) were developed for veterans as well as for veterans and their partners. Poor family functioning for veterans at intake predicted intrusion (β = .08), hyperarousal (β = .07), and avoidance (β = .09) at 3 months posttreatment. At 3 months posttreatment, family functioning predicted hyperarousal (β = .09) and avoidance (β = .10) at 9 months. For veterans and their partners, family functioning at intake predicted avoidance (β = .07) at 3 months, and poor family functioning at 3 months predicted intrusion (β = .09) and hyperarousal (β = .14) at 9 months. The reverse pathways, with PTSD symptoms predicting poor family functioning, were only evident with avoidance (β = .06). Conclusion: Family functioning may play a role in treatment for veterans. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2016 APA, all rights reserved)

Author-supplied keywords

  • partner
  • posttraumatic stress
  • treatment outcomes
  • veteran

Get free article suggestions today

Mendeley saves you time finding and organizing research

Sign up here
Already have an account ?Sign in

Find this document


  • Lynette Evans

  • Sean Cowlishaw

  • David Forbes

  • Ruth Parslow

  • Virginia Lewis

Cite this document

Choose a citation style from the tabs below

Save time finding and organizing research with Mendeley

Sign up for free