The Longitudinal Relations of Teacher Expectations to Achievement in the Early School Years

  • Hinnant J
  • O 'brien M
  • Ghazarian S
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Abstract

There is relatively little research on the role of teacher expectations in the early school years or on the importance of teacher expectations as a predictor of future academic achievement. The current study investigated these issues in the reading and mathematic domains for young children. Data from nearly 1,000 children and families at first, third, and fifth grades were included. Child sex and social skills emerged as consistent predictors of teacher expectations of reading and, to a lesser extent, math ability. In predicting actual future academic achievement, results showed that teacher expectations were differentially related to achievement in reading and math. There was no evidence that teacher expectations accumulate but some evidence that they remain durable over time for math achievement. Additionally, teacher expectations were more strongly related to later achievement for groups of children who may be considered to be at risk.

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Authors

  • J Benjamin Hinnant

  • Marion O 'brien

  • Sharon R Ghazarian

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